Personal injury law falls under the umbrella of tort laws and covers injuries to the body or mind. It often involves a form of negligence. Negligence is the concept that someone owed someone else a duty of care but breached that duty. For example, someone is driving and a person is on the sidewalk waiting to cross the street, the driver owes the pedestrian a duty of care not to hit them as they cross the street.

The most common types of personal injury cases are car accidents. Common damages to an injured party include physical injury, loss of wages or ability to earn wages, property damages, medical expenses, emotional distress and pain and suffering. This can include losses expected to occur in the future such as the long-term inability to work, future mental or emotional distress or future medical issues that may arise from the injury.

Car accidents are the most common type of personal injury case, with one collision occurring ever 14 seconds. That equals 7,000,000 accidents per year. Most accidents occur within about threemiles of a person’s home. On average, a person will likely be involved in a collision every five to eight years.

Driver behavior is the most common cause of collisions, speed being the most relevant factor. Driving above the average speed and below it can increase the likelihood of a collision. The risk of injury to a person and damage to a car from a collision becomes greater at high speeds.

After an accident, it is imperative to remain at the scene until the police have come and gone. Exchange information with anyone involved including names, addresses, vehicle information, insurance information and drivers license numbers.